Climate change in Córdoba: a reality that worsens year by year

Climate change is the main challenge and threat in the 21st century. From Fundeps we carried out a survey and analysis of the climatic phenomena that occurred in Córdoba between 2000 and 2020, the results obtained are truly alarming. The authorities must urgently advance in the design of public policies tending to prevent and face the climate crisis.

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Climate change affects the general population without differentiating, however people who are in a situation of vulnerability, for example, people living in poverty, children and adolescents, people with disabilities, women and gender diversity, are affected in a differentiated way, deepening the existing structural inequalities.

From Fundeps we carry out the comprehensive collection and analysis of the various climatic phenomena that occurred between 2000 and 2020 in the province of Córdoba. From this diagnosis we were able to identify that climatic phenomena are cyclical and that year after year they deepen. Climate change is usually perceived as something abstract and distant, contrary to this general perception, it shows how concrete, close and how serious the effects of the phenomenon are. It also makes it possible to decipher the line of (in)action drawn from the State. Fires, tornadoes, floods, droughts, hail storms, and heat waves are some of the phenomena we suffer and that worsen year after year and also have severe consequences for the communities. These must be addressed as part of a comprehensive phenomenon and not as isolated and belated problems.

There are certain policies in the province aimed at promoting sustainable practices. However, these are not actions aimed at significantly mitigating the causes, nor adaptation to the consequences of climate change. Given the occurrence of these phenomena, the responses by the State are always late, inefficient or from a contingency perspective.

We believe that if Córdoba wants to face the climate crisis in a responsible way, it must propose urgent participatory strategies in the medium-long term. To do this, it must take into account the cumulative effects of this achievement of erratic behavior phenomena, guaranteeing access to basic elements for survival, such as water and quality food.

In addition, it is necessary and urgent to concentrate efforts on the design and implementation of public policies that start from an adequate identification of the conditions of structural vulnerability from which some sectors of society start. State actions should focus on reducing/eliminating these structural conditions. On that equitable basis, mitigation and adaptation actions must be designed.

The Climate Response Plan required by Law 27520 on Minimum Budgets for Adaptation and Mitigation to Global Climate Change, emerges as a fundamental instrument to respond to the phenomenon. Remember that according to art. 20 , each province must design this “response plan” that contains information on greenhouse gases, vulnerability and adaptation capacity of communities, goals regarding gas mitigation and adaptation measures, roadmap for each measure to adopt, among other components. The compliance period, according to the regulations, would expire on December 18, 2023, although it may be submitted earlier.

The diagnosis made allows us to affirm that climate change in Córdoba is not a distant threat, but rather a daily experience that will worsen if adequate measures are not adopted.


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Laura Carrizo, lauracarrizo@fundeps.org