On April 29, the day of the animal was celebrated in Argentina, in tribute to Ignacio Lucas Albarracin, a lawyer from Córdoba who from the Society for the Protection of Animals, safeguarded their rights and promoted the first Animal Protection Law in the country.

The current context of environmental and climate crisis requires animal protection as a fundamental component of the different ecosystems from a comprehensive perspective. The degradation of native forests, rivers, wetlands and other biomes, necessarily affects the different species that inhabit them and that fulfill important ecosystem functions.

In addition to the animal impact caused by environmental degradation, today there are production, consumption and scientific development systems that base their practices on the use of certain non-human species. These apply devious methods that cause great suffering in the animal body. There are also certain practices or traditions that by their very nature are built on animal suffering.

The anthropocentric vision – the human being as the center of all things – seems to be the foundation of such practices, since it has placed the human being at the top of the pyramid of species and the non-human animals subordinate to their own satisfaction. Threat is the model of appropriation of nature that the human species has conceived.

In this regard, there are production and consumption alternatives that promote the adoption of sustainable and non-cruel habits for animals. An example of this is agroecology, whose practices are based on an interrelation aimed at avoiding unnecessary suffering of the species, under the application of certain practices that free the animal from pain, hunger, fear, discomfort and allow it to express its normal behavior.

Finally, some States recognize animals and ecosystems the status of subjects of non-human rights, guaranteeing them a certain degree of legal protection. Legal cases such as that of the Chimpanzee Cecilia in Mendoza or the orangutan Sandra in Buenos Aires, have opened in our country this line of recognition of rights to non-human entities.

Undoubtedly, Animal Day raises awareness about the importance of the respect and care they deserve, of protecting endangered species or promoting learning about their role as part of the environment. It is also an opportunity to generate questions about the way in which society relates to other species, putting in tension given structures and conceptions, in order to guarantee the integrity of those who make up nature as a whole.

Authors

  • Débora Sabrina Neck
  • Quimey Comba
  • Lucrecia Busso

Contact

Juan Bautista López, juanbautistalopez@fundeps.org